Vitalie Stavila

Senior Member of Technical Staff, Combustion Research Facility
Hydrogen and Combustion Technologies

Short Bio

Vitalie Stavila received his PhD. in Chemistry from Moldova State University in 2002. He had postdoctoral stays at Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon, France, working with Prof. Jens Hasserodt on spin-active contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging and at Rice University in Houston, TX, working with Prof. Ken Whitmire on developing organometallic precursors for nanostructured metal oxides and chalcogenides. Dr. Stavila joined Sandia National Laboratories in 2008 to develop materials and nanostructures for energy generation and storage.  He is currently part of the DOE Hydrogen Materials Advanced Research Consortium ( developing novel materials for hydrogen storage applications. His other projects involve the preparation and functionalization of nanoscale materials and their use in neuromorphic computing, catalysis, and chemical sensing.  Dr. Stavila has published over 140 journal publications, 2 book chapters, and 15 patents.

Research Interests

Dr. Vitalie Stavila’s research is focused on addressing key materials science challenges related to energy harvesting and storage. His main research interests are in the area of functional materials, where he uses a range of synthetic, spectroscopic, diffraction and knowledge mining techniques to probe the processing-structure-property relationships.  His current projects focus on the development of novel multifunctional materials and nanostructures for energy storage and nanodevice fabrication. He is involved in the development of new organometallic compounds and metal-organic frameworks that can act as active materials in scintillators, sensors, photovoltaic devices and gas storage.

A central theme in Dr. Stavila’s research is the rational design of new materials by changing the chemical composition, the arrangement of the atoms or molecules in crystalline or amorphous configurations, and the size, shape, and orientation of nanoparticles, crystals or other nano- or macroscopic units. In his work Dr. Stavila uses various neutron and X-ray scattering techniques to solve fundamental and applied materials science problems related to bulk and nanostructured metal hydrides, oxides, chalcogenides, organometallic compounds, and metal-organic frameworks.


  • Ph.D. Chemistry, State University of Moldova, Chisinau, Moldova, 2002 [Thesis title: “Synthesis of bismuth-transition metal heterobimetallic complexes as molecular precursors for mixed oxide systems”]

Awards, Honors & Memberships

  • U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen Program “Special Recognition Award” for the achievements of the Metal Hydride Center of Excellence team, 2010
  • Welch Fellowship, Department of Chemistry, Rice University, 2007
  • Civilian Research and Development Foundation Research Award, 2006
  • NSF-NATO Postdoctoral Fellowship Award, 2005
  • National Award for Young Scientists in the field of Science and Technology, Moldova, 2004
  • Young Scientist of the Year Research Award, Moldova, 2003
  • European Rare Earth and Actinide Society Award, Geneva, Switzerland, 2003

View CV

Selected Publications

Timothy C. Wang, Patrick F. Doty, Annabelle Benin, Joshua D. Sugar, Vitalie Stavila, Mark D. Allendorf, Chemical Communications, 2019, 55, 4647-4650. “Get the light out: nanoscaling MOFs for luminescence sensing and optical applications.”

Yi‐Sheng Liu, Sohee Jeong, James L. White, Xuefei Feng, Eun Seon Cho, Vitalie Stavila, Mark D. Allendorf, Jeffrey J. Urban, Jinghua Guo. ChemPhysChem, 2019, 20, 1261-1271.  ”In‐Situ/Operando X‐ray Characterization of Metal Hydrides.”

J.L. White, A.J.E. Rowberg, L.W.F. Wan, S. Kang, T. Ogitsu, R.D. Kolasinski, J.A. Whaley, A.A. Baker, J.R.I. Lee, Y.-S. Liu, L. Trotochaud, J.G. Guo, V. Stavila, D. Prendergast, H. Bluhm, M.D. Allendorf, B.C. Wood, F. El Gabaly,  ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2019, 11, 4930-4941.”Identifying the Role of Dynamic Surface Hydroxides in the Dehydrogenation of Ti-Doped NaAlH4.”

A. Schneemann, J. L. White, SY. Kang, S. Jeong, L. F. Wan, E. S. Cho, T. W. Heo, Prendergast, D. Urban, J. J. Wood, B. C. Allendorf, M. D. Stavila, V., Chemical Reviews, 2018, 118, 10775-10839. “Nanostructured Metal Hydrides for Hydrogen Storage.”

M.D. Allendorf, Z. Hulvey, T. Gennett, A. Ahmed, T.Autrey, J.Camp, E. S. Cho, H. Furukawa, M. Haranczyk, M. Head-Gordon, S. Jeong, A. Karkamkar, D.-J. Liu, J. R. Long, K. R. Meihaus, I. H. Nayyar, R. Nazarov, D. J. Siegel, V. Stavila, J. J. Urban, S. P. Veccham; B.C. Wood, Energy and Environmental Science, 2018, 11, 2784-2812. “An Assessment of Strategies for the Development of Solid-State Adsorbents for Vehicular Hydrogen Storage.”

K. Thurmer, C. Schneider , V. Stavila, R.W. Friddle, F. Leonard, R.A. Fischer, M.D. Allendorf, A.A. Talin.  ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2018, 10, 39400-39410. ”Surface Morphology and Electrical Properties of Cu3BTC2 Thin Films Before and After Reaction with TCNQ”

J. J. Vajo, H. Tan, C. C. Ahn, D. Addison, S.-J. Hwang, J. L. White, T. C. Wang, V. Stavila, J. Graetz,  Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2018, 122, 26845-26850. “Electrolyte-Assisted Hydrogen Storage Reactions.”

M. Dimitrievska, P. Shea, K. E. Kweon, M. Bercx, J. B. Varley, W. S. Tang, A. V. Skripov, V. Stavila, T. J. Udovic, B. C. Wood, Advanced Energy Materials  2018, 8, 1703422. “Carbon Incorporation and Anion Dynamics as Synergistic Drivers for Ultrafast Diffusion in Superionic LiCB11H12 and NaCB11H12.”

C. L. Carr, W. Jayawardana, H. Y. Zou, J. L. White, F. El Gabaly, M. S. Conradi, V. Stavila, M. D. Allendorf, E. H. Majzoub, Chemistry of Materials  2018, 30, 2930-2938.”Anomalous H2 Desorption Rate of NaAlH4 Confined in Nitrogen-Doped Nanoporous Carbon Frameworks.”

J. Camp, V. Stavila, M. D. Allendorf, D. Prendergast, M. Haranczyk. Journal of Physical Chemistry C  2018, 122, 18957-18967. ”Critical Factors in Computational Characterization of Hydrogen Storage in Metal-Organic Frameworks.”

S. R. H. Jensen, M. Paskevicius, B. R. S. Hansen, A. S. Jakobsen, K. T. Moller, J. L. White, M. D. Allendorf, V. Stavila, J. Skibsted, T. R. Jensen, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics  2018, 20, 16266-16275. ”Hydrogenation properties of lithium and sodium hydride – closo-borate, B10H10(2-) and B12H12(2-), composites.”

A. M. Ullman, C. G. Jones, F. P. Doty, V. Stavila, A. A. Talin, M. D. Allendorf, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2018, 10, 24201-24208. ”Hybrid Polymer/Metal-Organic Framework Films for Colorimetric Water Sensing over a Wide Concentration Range.”

B. C. Wood, V. Stavila, N. Poonyayant, T. W. Heo, K. G. Ray, L. E. Klebanoff, T. J. Udovic, J. R. I. Lee, N. Angboonpong, J. D. Sugar, P. Pakawatpanurut, , Advanced Materials Interfaces 2017, 4, 1300803. “Nanointerface-Driven Reversible Hydrogen Storage in the Nanoconfined Li-N-H System.”

W. S. Tang, M. Dimitrievska, V. Stavila, W. Zhou, H. Wu, A. A. Talin, T. J. Udovic, Chemistry of Materials 2017, 29, 10496-10509. “Order-Disorder Transitions and Superionic Conductivity in the Sodium nido-Undeca(carba)borates.”

J. B. Varley, K. Kweon, P. Mehta, P. Shea, T. W. Heo, T. J. Udovic, V. Stavila, B. C. Wood, ACS Energy Letters 2017, 2, 250-255. “Understanding Ionic Conductivity Trends in Polyborane Solid Electrolytes from Ab Initio Molecular Dynamics.”

E. D. Spoerke, L. J. Small, M. E. Foster, J. Wheeler, A. M. Ullman, V. Stavila, M. Rodriguez, M. D. Allendorf, Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2017, 121, 4816-4824 “MOF-Sensitized Solar Cells Enabled by a Pillared Porphyrin Framework.”

K. E. Kweon, J. B. Varley, P. Shea, N.Adelstein, P. Mehta, T. W. Heo, T. J. Udovic, V. Stavila, B. C. Wood, Chemistry of Materials 2017, 29, 9142-9153. “Structural, Chemical, and Dynamical Frustration: Origins of Superionic Conductivity in closo-Borate Solid Electrolytes.”

J. Chae, S. An, G. Ramer, V. Stavila, G. Holland, Y. Yoon, A. A. Talin, M. Allendorf, V. A. Aksyuk, A. Centrone, Nano Letters 2017, 17, 5587-5594. “Nanophotonic Atomic Force Microscope Transducers Enable Chemical Composition and Thermal Conductivity Measurements at the Nanoscale.”

E. A. Dolgopolova, A. J. Brandt, O. A. Ejegbavwo, A. S. Duke, T. D. Maddumapatabandi, R. P. Galhenage, B. W.Larson, O. G.Reid, S. C. Ammal, A. Heyden, M. Chandrashekhar, V. Stavila, D. A. Chen, N. B. Shustova, Journal of the American Chemical Society 2017, 139, 5201-5209. “Electronic Properties of Bimetallic Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs): Tailoring the Density of Electronic States through MOF Modularity.”

K. G. Ray, L.E. Klebanoff, J.R.I Lee, V. Stavila, T.W. Heo, P. Shea, A.A. Baker, S. Kang, M. Bagge-Hansen,Y.S. Liu, J.L. White, B.C. Wood, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2017, 19, 22646-22658. “Elucidating the mechanism of MgB2 initial hydrogenation via a combined experimental-theoretical study.”

V. Stavila, R. Parthasarathi, R.W. Davis, F. El Gabaly, K.L. Sale, B.A. Simmons, S. Singh, M.D. Allendorf, ACS Catalysis, 2016, 6, 55-59. “MOF-Based Catalysts for Selective Hydrogenolysis of Carbon–Oxygen Ether Bonds.”

V. Stavila, C. Schneider, C. Mowry, T. R. Zeitler, J.A. Greathouse, A.L. Robinson, J.M. Denning, J. Volponi, K. Leong, W. Quan, M. Tu, R.A. Fischer, M.D. Allendorf, Advanced Functional Materials, 2016, 26, 1699-1707. “Thin film growth of nbo MOFs and their integration with electroacoustic devices.”

M.D. Allendorf, V. Stavila, Nature Materials, 2016, 15, 255-257. “Nanoporous films: From conventional to conformal.”

J. L. White, R. J. Newhouse, J. Z. Zhang, T. J. Udovic, V. Stavila, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2016, 120, 25725-25731.  “Understanding and mitigating the effects of stable dodecahydro-closo-dodecaborate intermediates of hydrogen storage reactions.”

C. G. Jones, V. Stavila, M.A. Conroy, P. Feng, B.V. Slaughter, C.E. Ashley, M.D. Allendorf, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2016, 8, 7623-7630.  “Versatile Synthesis and Fluorescent Labeling of ZIF-90 Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications.”

X. Zhou, F. El Gabaly, V. Stavila, M. D. Allendorf, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2016, 120, 7500-7509.  “Molecular dynamics simulations of hydrogen diffusion in aluminum.”

W. S. Tang, M. Matsuo, H. Wu, V. Stavila, W. Zhou, A. A. Talin, A. V. Soloninin, R. V. Skoryunov, O. A. Babanova, A. V. Skripov, S. Orimo, T. J. Udovic, Advanced Energy Materials, 2016, 6, 1502237. “Liquid-like ionic conduction in solid lithium and sodium monocarba-closo-decaboranes near or at room temperature.”

W. S. Tang, K. Yoshida, A. V. Soloninin, R. V. Skoryunov, O. A. Babanova, A. V. Skripov, M. Dimitrievska, V. Stavila, S. Orimo, T. J. Udovic, ACS Energy Letters, 2016, 1, 659-664. “Stabilizing superionic-conducting structures via mixed-anion solid solutions of monocarba-closo-borate salts.”

A. M. Ullman, J. W. Brown, M. E. Foster, F. Leonard, K. Leong, V. Stavila, M.D. Allendorf, Inorganic Chemistry, 2016, 55, 7233-7249. “Transforming MOFs for Energy Applications Using the Guest@MOF Concept.”

A. Unemoto, T. Ikeshoji, S. Yasaku, M. Matsuo, V. Stavila, T.J. Udovic, S. Orimo, Chemistry of Materials, 2015, 27, 5407-5416. “Stable interface formation between TiS2 and LiBH4 in bulk-type all-solid-state lithium batteries.”

M.D. Allendorf, V. Stavila, CrystEngComm, 2015, 17, 229–246. “Crystal engineering, structure-function relationships, and the future of metal-organic frameworks.”

K.R. Reyes-Gil, Z.D. Stephens, V. Stavila, D.B. Robinson, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2015, 7, 2202-2213. “Composite WO3/TiO2 nanostructures with high electrochromic activity.”

M.D. Allendorf, M.E. Foster, F. Léonard, V. Stavila, P.L Feng, P. Doty, K. Leong, E.Y. Ma, S.R. Johnson, The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 2015, 6, 1182-1195.  “Thin film thermoelectric Metal–Organic Framework with high Seebeck coefficient and low thermal conductivity.”

H. Wu, W.S. Tang, V. Stavila, W. Zhou, J.J. Rush, T.J. Udovic, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2015, 119, 6481-6487.  “Structural Behavior of Li2B10H10.”

V. Stavila, A.A. Talin, M.D. Allendorf, Chemical Society Reviews, 2014, 43, 5994-6010. “MOF-based electronic and opto-electronic devices.”

A.A. Talin, A. Centrone, A.C. Ford, M.E. Foster, V. Stavila, P. Haney, R.A. Kinney, V. Szalai, F. El Gabaly, H.P. Yoon, F. Leonard, M.D. Allendorf, Science, 2014, 343, 66-69. “Tunable Electrical Conductivity in Metal-Organic Framework Thin-Film Devices.”

P.A. Sharma, A.L. Lima, M. Heckmaty, V. Stavila, D. Medlin, Applied Physics Letters, 2014, 105, 242106.“Ion beam modification of topological insulator bismuth selenide.”

T.J. Udovic, M. Matsuo, A. Unemoto, N. Verdal, V. Stavila, A.V. Skripov, J.J. Rush, H. Takamure, S. Orimo, Chemical Communications, 2014, DOI:10.1039/C3CC49805K.“Sodium superionic conduction in Na2B12H12

N. Poonyayant, V. Stavila, E.H. Majzoub, M. Ulutagay-Kartin, L.E. Klebanoff, Journal of Physical Chemistry C,  2014, 118, 14759–14769. “An investigation into hydrogen storage characteristics of Ca(BH4)2/LiNH2 and Ca(BH4)2/NaNH2: Evidence of intramolecular destabilization.”

V. Stavila, D.B. Robinson, Hekmaty M.A, R. Nishimoto, D.L. Medlin, S. Zhu, T.M. Tritt, P.A. Sharma,ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2013, 5, 6678–6686. “Wet-chemical synthesis and consolidation of stoichiometric bismuth telluride nanoparticles for improving the thermoelectric figure-of-merit”

V. Stavila, R.K. Bhakta, T.M. Alam, E.H. Majzoub, M.D. Allendorf, ACS Nano, 2012, 6, 9807-9817. “Reversible Hydrogen Storage by NaAlH4 Confined within a Titanium-Functionalized MOF-74(Mg) Nanoreactor”

G. Cheng, P. Varanasi, R. Arora, C. Scullin, V. Stavila, B.A. Simmons, S. Singh, J. Phys. Chem. B,2012, 116, 10049-10054. “Impact of ionic liquid pretreatment conditions on cellulose crystalline structure using 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate”

V. Stavila, J. Volponi, A.M. Katzenmeyer, M.C. Dixon, M.D. Allendorf, Chemical Science, 2012, 3,1531–1540. “Kinetics and Mechanism of Metal-Organic Thin Film Growth: Systematic Investigation of HKUST-1 Deposition on QCM Electrodes”

A.L. Robinson, V. Stavila, T.R. Zeitler, M.I. White, S.M. Thornberg, J.A. Greathouse, M.D. Allendorf, Analytical Chemistry, 2012, 84, 7043-7051. “Ultrasensitive Humidity Detection Using Metal-Organic Framework-Coated Microsensors”

M.D. Allendorf, A. Schwartzberg, V. Stavila, A.A. Talin,  Chemistry – A European Journal,  2011, 17,11372–11288. “A Roadmap to Implementing Metal-Organic Frameworks in Electronic Devices: Challenges and Critical Directions”

M.P. Klein, B.W. Jacobs, M.D. Ong, S.J. Fares, D.B. Robinson, V. Stavila, G.J. Wagner, I. Arslan, Journal of the American Chemical Society2011, 133, 9144–9147. “Three-Dimensional Pore Evolution of Nanoporous Metal Particles for Energy Storage”

R. Newhouse, V. Stavila, S. Hwang, J. Zhang,  Journal of Physical Chemistry C,  2010, 114, 5224–5232. “Reversibility and Improved Hydrogen Release of Magnesium Borohydride.”

K.C. Kim, M.D. Allendorf, V. Stavila, D.S. Sholl, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2010, 12, 9918–9926. “Predicting Impurity Gases and Phases during Hydrogen Evolution from Complex Metal Hydrides Using Free Energy Minimization Enabled by First-Principles Calculations”

R.L. Davidovich, V. Stavila, K.H. Whitmire,  Coordination Chemistry Reviews2010, 250, 2782–2810. “Stereochemistry of Lead(II) Complexes Containing Sulfur and Selenium Donor Atom Ligands”


1.    M.D. Allendorf, A.A. Talin, F. Leonard, V. Stavila, US Patent # 9711743 granted on 07/18/2018 (2018). “Reconfigurable Electronics Using Conducting Metal-Organic Frameworks”

2.    V. Stavila, L.E. Klebanoff, US Patent # 10000377 granted on 06/19/2018 (2018). “Nanostructured Metal Amides and Nitrides for Hydrogen Storage”

3.    V. Stavila, L.E. Klebanoff, US Patent Application # 15/812254 (2017). “Ternary Borides and Borohydrides for Hydrogen Storage and Method of Synthesis”

4.    V. Stavila, J.L. White, US Patent Application # 16/000,683 (2016). “Solid State Synthesis of Metal Borohydrides”

5.    M.D. Allendorf, F. Leonard, A.A. Talin, V. Stavila, US Patent # 9428525 granted on 8/30/2016  (2016) “Tunable Electrical Conductivity in Metal-Organic Framework Thin Film Devices”

6.    M.D. Allendorf, V. Stavila, US Patent Application # 14/991734 (2014). “Metal-Organic Framework Catalysts for Selective Cleavage of Aryl-Ether Bonds”

7.    M.D. Allendorf, A.A. Talin, F. Leonard, V. Stavila, US Patent Application # 14/573990 (2014). “Multiaxis Sensing Using Electrically Conductive Metal-Organic Frameworks”

Book Chapters

V. Stavila, L.E. Klebanoff, J.J. Vajo, P. Chen, “Development of On-Board Reversible Complex Metal Hydrides for Hydrogen Storage” in Hydrogen Storage Technology:  Materials and Applications, Ed. L.E. Klebanoff, Taylor and Francis, Boca Raton, 2012, pages 133-213.

V. Stavila, L.E. Klebanoff, “Hydrogen – Metal hydride storage” in “Hydrogen: Data, Facts and Figures”, Eds. D. Stolten and R.C. Samsun, Wiley-VCH, Dortmund, 2015, pages 79–93.

Additional Publications


Sandia National Laboratories
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