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35th International Combustion Symposium a Resounding Success

Post, September 22, 2014 • Elaine Oran, a professor of engineering at the University of Maryland, gave the keynote address on “Understanding explosions: From catastrophic accidents to the creation of the universe.” (Photos by Dino Vournas) The 35th International Combustion Symposium, the premier conference on combustion science and application held on August 3–8 in San...
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A New Concept for Time-Resolved Fourier-Transform Spectroscopy

Post, November 22, 2013 • In developing the dual etalon frequency comb (DEFCOM) spectrometer, CRF researchers Haifeng Huang and David Chandler are refining a new concept for time-resolved Fourier-transform (FT) spectroscopy based on the interference between two transient frequency combs. By opening the door to many potential uses—including time-resolved, high-resolution, broad-band spectroscopy with a microsecond...
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Accelerating research of complex chemistry problems

Post, January 19, 2022 • The Exascale Catalytic Chemistry project, a partnership with Sandia, Argonne, and Pacific Northwest national laboratories, and Brown and Northeastern universities, started in 2017 and brings together physical chemists and applied mathematicians to design computational tools that can take advantage of the world's most powerful computers to speed up understanding of...

ACME: Climate Modeling Powered by DOE Supercomputers, Tamed by Uncertainty Quantification

Post, September 22, 2014 • Facing increasing evidence of climate change, scientists around the world are working to improve climate modeling, hoping to provide decision makers solid projections to guide the development of mitigating policies. Khachik Sargsyan is leading a Sandia effort to strengthen climate models through uncertainty quantification (UQ) for the Accelerated Climate Model...
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Adams and Bastress Awards Given to CRF Staff Members

Post, November 29, 2012 • 2012 Adams & Bastress Award Winners The CRF is proud to announce the winners of the 2012 Adams and Bastress awards. The O.W. Adams Award, named after Bill Adams, DOE’s original CRF sponsor, was established in 1986 and is given each year to Sandians who have made exemplary research contributions...

Ahren Jasper and Nils Hansen lead combustion panel at AAAS

Post, March 7, 2013 • On Saturday, Feb. 16, CRF researchers Ahren Jasper and Nils Hansen organized a panel, Predictive Model of the Internal Combustion Engine, at the annual American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) meeting. The panel brought together world leaders from new and ongoing multi-institutional programs designed to address the challenges...
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April 2012

Post, May 3, 2012 • On April 10-12, CRF manager Damian Rouson and senior technical staff member Karla Morris taught an intensive workshop on object-oriented programming (OOP) in Fortran 2003 at the University of California at Berkeley. OOP aims to increase a program's maintainability in part by reducing cross-module data dependencies and to increase a...

August Visitor Departures

Post, November 24, 2014 • Many of the students and faculty visiting the CRF under the DOE Office of Science Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientists (WDTS) program returned to their universities in August. To learn more about their work at the CRF, click on the links below. Samira Iqbal, 6/2/14 – 8/7/14, Host: Ethan...
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Bob Hwang is New Transportation Energy Center Director

Post, February 11, 2014 • In December, Sandia National Laboratories announced the appointment of Bob Hwang as the new director of the Transportation Energy Center, which includes the Combustion Research Facility (CRF). Bob Carling, who served as director of the Transportation Energy Center from 2008 to 2013, retired in December after 37 years at Sandia....

California Council on Science and Technology visits CRF

Post, August 9, 2013 • On July 15, seven members of the California Council on Science and Technology (CCST) visited the Combustion Research Facility. Transportation Energy Center Director Bob Carling and Deputy Director of Chemical Sciences Dawn Manley gave the visitors an overview of the CRF. Blake Simmons, Senior Manager of Biofuels and BioMaterials Science...
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Capturing the Moment of Hydrogen Ignition in the Turbulent Combustion Lab

Post, September 6, 2013 • Hydrogen fuel cell-powered electric vehicles could be coming to a showroom near you in just a few years. Automotive manufacturers are perfecting their options, and with a plan to open 68 public hydrogen fueling stations by 2015, the State of California leads the nation in hydrogen vehicle infrastructure deployment. A...
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Cellular Membrane Bending by Protein-Protein Crowding

Post, December 18, 2012 • Cellular membranes are made up of lipid bilayers that can be highly curved, an essential feature critical for processes such as endocytosis, organelle synthesis, cell division, and intracellular transport. Current understanding suggests that specialized proteins are responsible for membrane curvature through two mechanisms (Figure 1). The first is membrane scaffolding...
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Characterizing the development of thermal stratification in HCCI engines

Post, May 16, 2011 • Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engines can deliver high efficiencies—comparable to a diesel engine or higher—and ultra-low NOx and particulate emissions. They also offer the potential for lower cost than diesel engines and do not require expensive diesel-emissions after treatment for a significantly lower overall package price. HCCI is therefore...
Figure 1. Schematic of the optically accessible HCCI research engine.|Temporal sequence of T-map images at the mid-plane of the pancake combustion chamber|Figure 3. T-map image sequence from mid-plane to near the wall at 360° CA. The “z” value below each image gives the distance of the image plane below the cylinder head.|Figure 4. Side-view T-map image showing the thermal stratification in the bulk-gas and near-wall regions at TDC (360° CA).

Chemical Kinetic Rate Coefficient Estimation Given Partial Information

Post, May 13, 2013 • Habib Najm, Khachik Sargsyan, and Bert Debusschere of the CRF, working with Cosmin Safta of Sandia’s Computer Sciences and Information Systems center and Robert Berry, formerly at the CRF and presently at The Climate Corporation in San Francisco, California, have demonstrated the use of a data free inference (DFI) approach...

Coal Use and Carbon Capture Technologies

Post, July 31, 2012 • Coal is one of the most abundant fossil fuels and thus has a long history of use, from heating to steel production to power generation. Though coal use is both reliable and inexpensive, it is also a major producer of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Research into carbon capture and storage...
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Concentrating on Sunshine to Advance the Hydrogen Economy

Post, July 24, 2013 • Ivan Ermanoski works on a room-temperature prototype of the packed particle bed reactor for solar-thermochemical hydrogen production. (Photo by Randy Montoya) Can solar energy be harnessed to address climate change and other impacts of the world’s dependence on carbon-based fuels? A Sandia team that includes principal investigator Tony McDaniel in...
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CRF Article Chosen by The Journal of Chemical Physics to Commemorate 80th Anniversary

Post, October 18, 2013 • A 2012 article by CRF researchers David Chandler and the late Kevin Strecker, “Dual-etalon frequency-comb cavity ringdown spectrometer” was chosen by The Journal of Chemical Physics as one of 80 articles to highlight the 80 years of outstanding work published in the journal. Recently retired CRF researcher Steve Binkley is...
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CRF begins research for Clean Vehicles Consortium

Post, May 15, 2012 • In the fall of 2010, Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced the selection of three research consortia between the U.S. and China to advance clean energy in the areas of building energy efficiency, clean vehicles, and advanced coal technology. Sandia and the CRF are pleased to begin research in...

CRF Co-Sponsored the Gordon Research Conference on Atomic and Molecular Interactions

Post, September 4, 2012 • The CRF was proud to sponsor the attendance of ten students at the 2012 Gordon Research Conference on Atomic and Molecular Interactions. The awardees presented posters on their work and were available for a question-and-answer session about their research. From left to right, the awardees are pictured with both the...
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CRF confronts COVID-19 and gets back to work

Post, March 8, 2021 • The 2020 outbreak of COVID-19 affected all of the Labs’ sites with enforced stay-at-home orders in most locations. The Chemistry, Combustion and Materials Science Center, including the CRF, is located in California where the governor mandated a statewide quarantine in March 2020, which stayed in force for more than eight...

CRF Director Speaks on Panel At National Journal Live Policy Summit

Post, July 24, 2012 • Director of the Transportation Energy Center, Bob Carling, spoke on a panel discussion at the Policy Summit on the “Perils and Prospects of an ‘All of the Above’ Approach to the Energy Future,” hosted by National Journal Live. The panel also featured Mary Hutzler from the Institute for Energy Research,...

CRF Hosts Visitors from General Motors

Post, November 6, 2012 • CRF Hosts Visitors from General Motors Transportation Director Bob Carling, Senior Manager Dawn Manley, and Manager Dennis Siebers hosted two visitors from General Motors this summer. CRF researchers toured Mike Harpster, the director of the Propulsion Research Lab, and Paul Najt, group manager of the SI Engine Systems, through the...
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CRF manager Daniel Dedrick receives DOE award for outstanding technical contribution

Post, July 31, 2012 • Each year, at the Department of Energy's Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, the Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program presents "Program Awards" for contributions to the overall efforts of the Program, and "Sub-Program Awards" to recognize achievements in specific areas. CRF manager Daniel Dedrick received a Sub-Program Award for outstanding...

CRF manager hosts workshop on hydrogen safety

Post, June 11, 2012 • CRF manager Daniel Dedrick hosted an H2CAN Workshop on Hydrogen Safety in R&D from April 11-12. H2CAN, also known as the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) Hydrogen Canada Strategic Network, consists of international researchers interested in Hydrogen Production and Purification, Storage, and Infrastructure and Safety. Thirteen...
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CRF Paper Among Most Cited Journal of Physical Chemistry Articles

Post, September 6, 2013 • An article by Oliver Welz, Judit Zádor, John D. Savee, Leonid Sheps, David L. Osborn, and Craig A. Taatjes, “Low-temperature combustion chemistry of n-butanol: Principal oxidation pathways of hydroxybutyl radicals,” was among the top 20 most-cited articles for the Journal of Physical Chemistry A for the month of July. In...
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Results 1–25 of 163